6- BÚSQUEDA DE INFORMACIÓN ESPECIALIZADA EN EPIDEMIOLOGÍA

Bases de Datos

OMS

Diagnostics and Laboratory Technology

HIV test kit evaluations
Laboratory diagnosis of HIV infection generally focuses on detection of antibody to HIV. However, the new generation assays also incorporate HIV antigen detection to increase the sensitivity of the assay. In this way, a HIV antigen-antibody combination assay is helpful in closing the window period (the time between HIV infection and appearance of antibodies to HIV) as HIV antigen is present in the blood before antibodies to HIV can be detected.

Composition of the panel
Test kit evaluations are carried out at the WHO Collaborating Centre in Antwerp, on the WHO HIV reference panel of well characterised serum/plasma specimens of geographically diverse origin, seroconversion panels and low titer panels. This approach allows for comparative data. In addition, field evaluations are occasionally conducted.

Other specimen types
Assessment of the performance of test kits recommended for use with other specimens types such as whole blood, oral fluid and urine, are carried out in prospective studies as these samples can not be stored. Some of these tests may be useful for VCT testing settings and hard to reach populations.

Past evaluations
In recent years, 29 assays for the detection of HIV antibody have been evaluated, of which 19 were simple rapid tests and 5 tests were combined HIV antigen-antibody ELISAs.

Related documents
HIV Assays Report 16 (Rapid Tests)/ HIV Assays Report 15 (Antigen/Antibody Tests) / HIV Assays Report 14 (Simple/Rapid Tests) / HIV Assays Report 13 (Urine and Saliva Tests) / HIV Assays Report 12 (Whole Blood Tests)/ HIV Assays Report 11


NIH

Publications:
HIV Vaccines
HIV/AIDS
AIDS/HIV: What are AIDS and HIV?
Drug Abuse and the link to HIV/AIDS and Other Infectious Diseases
HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse
Health Care Professionals: Answers About HIV Vaccine Research PDF
HIV/AIDS: Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission
biobehavioral Sciences and HIV/AIDS PDF
HIV, AIDS, and Older People
HIV, AIDS, and Older People PDF Spanish / English
Men Who Have Sex With Men: Answers About HIV Vaccine Research PDF
Hispanics: Answers About HIV Vaccine Research PDF
Mouth Problems and HIV
Mouth Problems and HIV PDF
Principles of HIV Prevention in Drug-Using Populations: Frequently Asked Questions: Prevention Strategies
NIAID's HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN)
Alcohol Alert: Alcohol and HIV/AIDS
Principles of HIV Prevention in Drug-Using Populations: Frequently Asked Questions 2: Effectiveness of Strategies
HIV Vaccines: Questions and Answers For HIV Treatment Advocates
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Infections (STDs and STIs) and HIV/AIDS Research
Women and HIV/AIDS
Mother-to-Infant HIV Transmission - Statistical Graphs
HIV and AIDS Still Gaining Strength Among Minorities, Women
Clinical Trials Network Aims to Reduce Worldwide Spread of HIV
HIV Vaccines Explained -- Making HIV Vaccines a Reality PDF
HIV Vaccines: Questions and Answers For HIV Prevention Workers
Women: Answers About HIV Vaccine Research PDF
HIV/AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Links
HIV/AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Overview
The HIV/AIDS Connection

OPS

Esta página comparte información sobre temas claves de la respuesta al VIH, incluyendo documentos de política y abogacía, directrices técnicas, recursos para los niveles regional y nacional, lecturas recomendadas y enlaces útiles.

•Comunicación
•Derechos humanos
•Eliminación de la transmisión maternoinfantil del VIH y de la sífilis congénita
•Estigma y discriminación
•Farmacorresistencia del VIH
•Fortalecimiento de los sistemas de salud
•La prueba de VIH y asesoría
•Personas jóvenes
•Planificación regional y subregional
•Poblaciones en mayor riesgo
•Promoción de la salud sexual
•Tratamiento antirretroviral
•Poblaciones vulnerables
•Tuberculosis y VIH
•Vigilancia, monitoreo y evaluación
•VIH pediátrico

Publicaciones
Guía práctica para la implementación de pruebas fiables y eficientes para el diagnóstico del VIH (2008)

 

Boletines Epidemiológicos

 

BES

Búsqueda en los últimos 5 años (2006-2010)

Año 2009

Semana: 42, del 18/10 al 24/10 de 2009 Vol. 17 nº 19/217-228
Vigilancia del VIH/SIDA en España. Actualización junio de 2009

Semanas: 34-35-36-37, del 23/08 al 19/09 de 2009 Vol. 17 nº 16/181-192
Vigilancia del VIH/SIDA en Europa, 2008

EUROSURVEILLANCE

1. Four years of surveillance of recent HIV infections at country level, France, mid 2003 – 2006: Experience and perspectives
C Semaille, F Cazein, J Pillonel, F Lot, S Le Vu, R Pinget, JC Desenclos, F Barin
Volume 13, Issue 36

2. Preliminary results from the new HIV surveillance system in France
F Lot, C Semaille, F Cazein, F Barin, R Pinget, J Pillonel, JC Desenclos
Volume 9, Issue 10
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV , surveillance
France


3. Sexually acquired HIV infections on the rise in Catalonia, Spain
J Casabona Barbarà, G Binefa i Rodríguez, C Folch Toda, R Lugo Colón, N Vives Martin, G Carmona, A Domínguez, HIV/STI Surveillance Group
Volume 11, Issue 29
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV
Spain


4. Trends in drug consumption and risk of transmission of HIV and hepatitis C virus among injecting drug users in Switzerland, 1993-2006
F Dubois-Arber, H Balthasar, T Huissoud, F Zobel, S Arnaud, S Samitca, A Jeannin, D Schnoz, JP Gervasoni
Volume 13, Issue 21
hepatitis C, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV
Switzerland


5. Sentinel surveillance of HIV infection in HIV test clinics, Spain 1992-2002
A Barrasa, J Castilla, J del Romero, I Pueyo, C de Armas, JA Varela, JM Ureña, FJ Bru, JR Ordoñana, LM Sáez de Vicuña
Volume 9, Issue 5
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV , surveillance
Spain


6. Impact of immigration on HIV and tuberculosis epidemiology in the Euro-Mediterranean area
R El Aouad, M Diez, I Cherkaoui
Volume 14, Issue 15
human immonodeficiency virus - HIV , tuberculosis
Mauritania, Morocco, Spain, Tunisia


7. HIV/STI co-infection among men who have sex with men in Spain
A Diaz, ML Junquera, V Esteban, B Martínez, I Pueyo, J Suárez, JM Ureña, JA Varela, M Vall, J del Romero, I Sanz, J Belda, J Boronat, P Gómez, F Gual, C Colomo, J López de Munain, J Balaguer, MC Landa, ME Lezaun, MC Cámara, E Fernández, FJ Bru, I Alastrue, JR Ordoñana, C de Armas, MA Azpiri, L Gomez, J Trullén, M Diez, on behalf of STI Study Group and EPI-VIH Group
Volume 14, Issue 48
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV , men who have sex with men - MSM, sexually transmitted diseases, sexually transmitted infections - STIs
Spain


8. Antenatal HIV screening in Spain
S De Mateo, J Castilla
Volume 3, Issue 38
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV
Spain


9. Surveillance of sexually transmitted infections in England and Wales
G Hughes, T Paine, D Thomas
Volume 6, Issue 5
sexually transmitted diseases
England, United Kingdom, Wales


10. Prevalence of hepatitis C and hepatitis B infection in the HIV-infected population of France, 2004
C Larsen, G Pialoux, D Salmon, D Antona, Y Le Strat, L Piroth, S Pol, E Rosenthal, D Neau, C Semaille, E Delarocque Astagneau
Volume 13, Issue 22
hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV
France


11. Swiss study suggests condom use not necessary for some HIV-positive patients
Eurosurveillance editorial team
Volume 13, Issue 6


12. Sexual risk behaviour and its determinants among men who have sex with men in Catalonia, Spain
C Folch, R Muñoz, K Zaragoza, J Casabona
Volume 14, Issue 47
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV , men who have sex with men - MSM, sexually transmitted diseases, sexually transmitted infections - STIs
Spain


13. Conclusions from Swiss study questioned
Eurosurveillance editorial team
Volume 13, Issue 39


14. Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) serotype L2 in Switzerland, 2003-2005
M Gebhardt, D Goldenberger
Volume 10, Issue 51
lymphogranuloma venereum - LGV
Switzerland


15. Prevalence of HIV-2 infection in Europe
F Cazein, FF Hamers, J Alix, JB Brunet
Volume 1, Issue 3
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS
Europe


16. Incidence of AIDS cases in Spanish penal facilities through the capture-recapture method, 2000
E Acin, P Gomez, P Hernando, I Corella
Volume 8, Issue 9
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS
Spain


17. Ethical and legal issues related to health access for migrant populations in the Euro-Mediterranean Area
E Negro Calduch, A Diaz, M Diez, for the project "Impact of migration on HIV and TB Epidemiology in the Mediterranean Area"
Volume 13, Issue 50
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV , tuberculosis
Europe


18. Acute hepatitis C infection in HIV positive men who have sex with men in Paris, France, 2001-2004
L Gambotti, Acute hepatitis C collaborating group
Volume 10, Issue 5
hepatitis C, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV , men who have sex with men - MSM, sexually transmitted diseases
France


19. Social and medical survey of HIV infected patients from sub-Saharan Africa, in hospitals in the Paris area (Ile-de-France), 2002
F Lot, C Larsen, N Valin, P Gouëzel, T Blanchon, A Laporte
Volume 8, Issue 9
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV
France


20. Recently acquired HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) in France, 2003-2008
C Semaille, F Cazein, F Lot, J Pillonel, S Le Vu, Y Le Strat, V Bousquet, A Velter, F Barin
Volume 14, Issue 48
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV , men who have sex with men - MSM, sexually transmitted diseases, sexually transmitted infections - STIs
France


21. Do men who have sex with men use serosorting with casual partners in France? Results of a nationwide survey (ANRS-EN17-Presse Gay 2004)
A Velter, A Bouyssou-Michel, A Arnaud, C Semaille
Volume 14, Issue 47
men who have sex with men - MSM, sexually transmitted diseases, sexually transmitted infections - STIs
France


22. Settings for identifying recent HIV infections: the Portuguese experience
H Cortes Martins, MT Paixão
Volume 13, Issue 36


23. Proposed recommendations for the management of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis after sexual, injecting drug or other exposures in Europe
J Almeda, J Casabona Barbarà, B Simon, M Gérard, D Rey, V Puro, T Thomas
Volume 9, Issue 6
acquired immonodeficiency syndrome - AIDS, human immonodeficiency virus - HIV
Europe

WER

25 May 2007, vol. 82, 21 (pp 181–196)

Meeting of the immunization Strategic Advisory Group of Experts, April 2007 – conclusions and recommendations
Revised BCG vaccination guidelines for infants at risk for HIV infection
International Health Regulations

1 December 2006, vol. 81, 48 (pp 453–464)

Conclusions and recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Poliomyelitis Eradication, Geneva, 11–12 October 2006, Part I
Revision of HIV testing strategies for surveillance
WHO web sites on infectious diseases
International Health Regulations

27 January 2006, vol. 81, 4 (pp 33–40)

Confirmation of the elimination of neonatal tetanus in Togo by lot quality assurance-cluster sampling
UNAIDS Reference Group on Estimates, Modelling and Projections: statement on the use of the BED assay for the estimation of HIV-1 incidence for surveillance or epidemic monitoring
International Health Regulations

MMWR

Vital Signs: HIV Testing and Diagnosis Among Adults --- United States, 2001--2009
Weekly
December 3, 2010 / 59(47);1550-1555.

On November 30, this report was posted as an MMWR Early Release on the MMWR website (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr).